Electrotherapy is the medical treatment of electrical energy. The term electrotherapy can apply to a variety of treatments in medicine, including the use of electrical devices such as deep brain stimulators for neurological disease.
Electrotherapy involves the use of electrical currents to stimulate nerves and muscles passed through the body, mainly in the treatment of various forms of paralysis.
Electrotherapy can also be used to stimulate the nerves to distract them from sending pain signals to the brain or to stimulate the brain to produce natural painkillers stored in the body. Electrotherapy is a discipline covered by physical medicine and rehabilitation and defined as the art and science of using electricity to treat for injuries and diseases.
It is a non – invasive form of treatment used by many doctors.
In physical therapy, electrotherapy is primarily used to relax muscle spasms, prevent and delay disuse atrophy, increase local blood circulation, rehabilitate muscles and re – educate electrical muscle stimulation, maintain and increase the range of movement, manage chronic and intractable conditions.